Military Families and Estate Planning
Veterans Day! It is great that we have at least one national holiday to salute and recognize our veterans. Every day we are free to live, move, and speak as we wish, is a testament to their courage, heroism, and sacrifices. Thank you all for your service!
Military families carry burdens so many of us cannot even begin to imagine. As a result, military families need to consider special estate-planning issues that others do not. No matter the time of year, it is always a good opportunity for members of the military (active, veterans, and retired) and their loved ones to consider setting up or revising an existing estate plan. This is particularly true when one or more family members are deployed overseas. Beyond this, members of the military have access to special benefits and resources. This can become complicated and, for this reason, it is important to seek special help if you are a military family.
Whether you are just starting your service in the military or have been serving for some time, consider the following common factors that may be important in your estate planning.
Factors to Consider
Estate plans should be customized to each person’s particular circumstances. In your estate planning, you should consider whether:
You own real property and, if so, it is located in different states;
You are married;
You have minor children or children with special needs;
You have money set aside in 401(k), IRAs, or thrift savings plans;
You plan to give to charity; and
You are moving multiple times across states or to different countries.
Estate Planning Necessities
There are many benefits offered to military families that can help with estate planning. These include:
Life insurance - Life insurance is an important part of an estate plan intended for those who are financially dependent upon you, especially if you are facing deployment. Active-duty members have access to low-cost life insurance for themselves and their loved ones from Service Members’ Life Insurance Group. More information can be found on the Department of Veterans Affairs website. When examining your life insurance, work with us to make sure that the beneficiary designation works the way you expect.
Will - A will is a crucial document outlining to whom and how you want your property distributed at your death. It also allows you to name who will administer your estate and specify who will care for a minor or special needs children. Typically, if you are being deployed, your unit’s JAG Officer will ensure you have your will prepared before your deployment date. Understandably, the wills they prepare are relatively basic simple, but unfortunately, your circumstances may not be. So it might be best to not wait until the last minute.
Trust - A trust is a separate legal entity that can hold property and assets for the benefit of one or more people or entities. Similar to a will, a trust allows you to dictate who will receive your property at your death and how it is to be administered. The added benefit of a trust is that it also provides instructions on how to handle the assets during any period of your incapacity. For most families, a trust-centered estate plan is a better fit, but a will can work for some families.
Other benefits for survivors - Survivor benefit plans (“SBP”) are pension-type plans in the form of an annuity that will pay your surviving spouse and children a monthly benefit at your death. Likewise, dependency and indemnity compensation (“D&IC”) provides a monthly benefit to eligible survivors of servicemembers or veterans (1) who die while on active duty, (2) whose death is due to a service-related disease or injury, or (3) who are receiving or entitled to receive VA compensation for a service-related disability and are totally disabled. When you are examining any financial service or insurance product, it’s a good idea to work with an estate planning attorney to make sure any beneficiary designations work the way you expect and provide the maximum benefit to your family.
You Need Special Help
Members of the military often experience frequent moves, have access to several forms of government benefits after service, and can be subject to some unusual tax rules. For these reasons, estate planning for military families is more complicated than most.
You can expect an estate planning professional to assist you in setting up the following:
Powers of attorney for financial matters, as well as health care decisions (they are very helpful when a spouse is deployed);
Funeral and burial arrangements;
Wills and living wills;
Family care plans;
Survivor benefits; and
Estate administration and/or probate.
An estate plan has multiple objectives: to provide for your family’s financial security, ensure your property is preserved and passed on to your beneficiaries, and determine who will manage your assets upon your death, among others. We are here to guide you through the best options available to you and your family. Give us a call today at 301.892.2713.
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